Logistical Resources

This section contains links to databases and other practical resources. It is our hope that collaborating projects will utilize these in their efforts to safeguard cultural heritage and antiquities in conflict zones. 

Resource Description
Heritage Sites Inventory (U.S. Department of State)
Imagery of Archaeological Site Looting
Red Lists “Red Lists of Antiquities at Risk are compact, illustrated booklets designed for customs officials, police officers, museums, art dealers, and collectors, to help them recognize the general types of archaeological, ethnographic, and ecclesiastical objects that have been looted from cultural sites, stolen from museums and churches, and illicitly trafficked.”
Photos of Missing Objects from Malawi Museum, Egypt

 

Antiquity Legislation

This section contains links to articles discussing the challenges and needs that looted and damaged antiquities in conflict zones create in the field of domestic and international law, information on and and the text of proposed and passed legislation, and legislation created in response to both contemporary and historical precedents. Resources addressing historical efforts in the area of legislation are meant to inform anyone who is concerned about trafficked antiquities and is looking to place current events in a larger context.

Legislation (Proposed or Passed) or Academic Publication Citation Description Further Details
Cultural Heritage Protection Timeline (U.S. Committee of the Blue Shield) This is a user-friendly timeline containing information on legislative efforts and developments pertaining to international cultural heritage spanning from the 2nd century BC to 2009.
Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments (Roerich Pact). Washington, 15 April 1935. The Roerich Pact was the first treaty that addressed the protection of artistic work and cultural heritage across borders. It was endorsed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and signed by the presidents of 11 Caribbean, Central and South American nations.
The 1954 Hague Convention (International Committee of the Blue Shield)
Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (UNESCO, 1970)
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (UNESCO, 1972)
Egyptian Law on the Protection of Antiquities (1983) Includes and explains Egyptian antiquity laws and practical implications for U.S. Service Personnel. Funded by the Department of Defense Legacy Resource Program
Mark V. Vlasic, Helga Turku; ‘Blood Antiquities’: Protecting Cultural Heritage beyond Criminalization. J Int Criminal Justice 2016; 14 (5): 1175-1197. doi: 10.1093/jicj/mqw054, Oxford Academic: International Journal of Criminal Justice Abstract of Larger Work
Cultural Heritage Policy Documents The Getty Conservation Institute
UNESCO Database of National Cultural Heritage Laws
The Fight Against Illicit Trafficking of Cultural Prop erty: The 1970 UNESCO Convention and the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court The Rome Statute designates the jurisdiction for the court as covering the following four types of crimes: "(a)The crime of genocide;(b)Crimes against humanity;(c)War crimes;
(d)The crime of aggression." It includes clear definitions of these crimes.
Cultural Properties Law no. 37 promulgated on October 16th, 2008 (Lebanon) Translation of Lebanese legal document that defines cultural heritage items and contains protocol regarding their treatment and movement; Includes consequences of violation and means of enforcement

 

All Images Created from Original Photograph: Tamanah - church (Maarat an-Numan Museum) Credit: Sean Leatherbury/Manar al-Athar